bilberry is a relative of the blueberry, and its fruit is commonly used to make pies and jams. bilberry grows in north america, europe, and northern asia.
common names--european blueberry, whortleberry, huckleberry
latin names--vaccinium myrtillus,vaccinnium vitis-idaea l. vaccinium myrtillus
specification: anthocyanidin 5% 10% 25% 
tradtional use
bilberry has been used for nearly 1,000 years in traditional european medicine. the dried berries and leaves of bilberry have been recommended for a wide variety of conditions, including scurvy, urinary tract infections, kidney stones, and diabetes. perhaps the most sound historical application is the use of the dried berries to treat diarrhea. modern research of bilberry was partly based on its use by british world war ii pilots, who noticed that their night vision improved when they ate bilberry jam prior to night bombing raids.
pharmaceutical clinical
1.used to treat diarrhea, scurvy, and other conditions. 
2.used to treat diarrhea, menstrual cramps, eye problems, varicose veins, venous insufficiency (poor blood flow to the heart), and other circulatory problems. 
3.bilberry leaf is used for entirely different conditions, including diabetes. 

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